A total of 1,586 localized natural disasters have affected Indonesia's territory so far in 2019. According to data published by the National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB), from the 1,586 disasters that occurred between January 1, 2019 and April 30, 2019, 325 people died, 113 disappeared, 1,439 were injured and 996,143 were displaced.
Physical losts included 3,588 heavily damaged houses, 3,289 moderately damaged houses, 15,376 slightly damaged houses, 325 damaged educational buildings, 235 damaged religious facilities and 78 damaged sanitation facilities.
From the 1,586 disasters, more than 98% were of hydro-meteorological origin and 2% of geological origin.
In comparison with last year, 2018, in the same period, the amount of disasters increased 7.2%. In 2018 there were 1,480 disasters, while in 2019 there were 1,586.
As for deaths, there was also a considerable increase, of 192%, almost triple, because in 2018 150 people died and disappeared, while so far in 2019 there have been 438 victims.
Likewise, the injured victims also experienced an increase of 212 percent, because in 2018, during the same period, there were 461 injured, while in what we have been in 2019 there are already 1,439.
The Head of the Information and Public Relations Data Center of BNPB, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, revealed in his report that during 2019 there have been three catastrophic events that caused significant losses, referring to the floods and landslides in South Sulawesi, that occurred on January 22, 2019 and caused 82 deaths. The losses and damages are estimated at 926 billion rupees.
The second disaster caused by floods and landslides was in Sentani, province of Papua, on March 16, 2019. In this incident 112 people died, 82 people disappeared and 965 people were injured. The total loss of property and the combined damage amounts to 668 billion rupees.
The third and last major disaster, the most recent, also caused by floods and landslides, happened in Bengkulu on April 27, 2019. As a result of the disaster, 29 people died, 13 disappeared and 4 were injured. On the basis of temporary data received by BNPB, the amount of losses and damages reached 200 billion rupees.
Meanwhile, according to the distribution of disasters by province, most of these occurred in the region of Central Java, with 472 incidents, West Java with 367 incidents, East Java with 245 incidents, 70 incidents in South Sulawesi and Aceh with 51.
In terms of disaster distribution by districts and cities, the majority occurred in Sukabumi district (50 incidents), in Semarang (43), in Bogor (42), in Majalengka (38) and in Temanggung (37).
Sutopo emphasized that disaster statistics not only contained numbers, but also meant that the threat continued to increase. The increase in 2019 was caused by heavy rains that, in combination with human interference, converted simple temporary and real disasters. (Eti)